报考大学生塞尔维亚(Serbia)语40篇大作文练习与点评第七篇,报考学士斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语40篇大作文练习与点评第贰一篇

  11

  8 Study the following picture carefully and write an essay in which
you should:

  Study the following picture carefully and write an essay in which
you should:

  1. describe the picture;

  1. describe the picture;

  2. interpret the meaning of the picture;

  2. interpret the meaning of the picture;

  3. make your comment.

  3. make your comment.

  You should write 160~200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  You should write 160~200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  这幅图画主题鲜明,不难确定文章的主题是“乱穿马路”。在思考之后,我们决定分为四段来写。第一段描述图画。第二段说明该现象带来的后果。第三段说明解决该问题的办法。最后一段是结论。The
present picture highlights several people who are crossing the street
while the red light is on. It is quite obvious that the drawer wants all
of us to think about the serious problem of jaywalking in our society.

  由图可知,本文属于社会热点类文章。图画非常简洁,可以用一句话描述出来。这种情况比较特殊,可以将图画的描写与图画的总体解读放在第一段来写。第二段写此种现象的危害性,第三段写解决问题的办法,第四段作总结。In
the picture, we see a “key” that is made up of piles of money. Besides
the picture, we see the title of the picture—the key that is not a key.
What does the drawer want to convey to us in such a single yet
thoughtprovoking picture? After pondering, we finally find out that he
is pointing at a deteriorating social phenomenon—some people form the
habit of using money, instead of anything else, as the key to solving
personal problems and gaining even illegal profits.

  The jaywalking phenomenon will bring many unfavorable consequences.
First and foremost, it will increase the incidence of traffic accidents
and thus cause the loss of lives and property. Moreover, common people
are likely to copy the action of just a few people who defy the traffic
rules. Finally, if this matter is not properly settled, it will pose a
threat to the city traffic as a whole.

  This practice is extremely harmful to the functioning and order of
the whole society. On the one hand, it deprives the social system of its
most distinctive feature—fairness. If we let it go on like this, after
some time, people will lose the motive to develop their skills and
enhance their ability, which are essential and indispensable to the
making of any healthy, competitive and harmonious community. On the
other hand, it may make the education of the younger generation
exceedingly difficult—years of education may be forgotten once they step
into the society and touch the harsh reality.

亚洲城,  It is high time that we called on the efforts from all sides to deal
with this problem properly. For one thing, the government should improve
the design of traffic lights so as to make the operation more
reasonable. For another, every citizen should behave himself first and
help advise others not to jaywalk. Finally, the mass media should also
play a positive role in helping people realize the importance of abiding
by traffic rules.

  To put this unfavorable phenomenon to an end, the government should
take the lead—the education of common people will take effect only when
the real system restores its purity and officials observe
selfdiscipline. Second, the media should facilitate the cultivation of
healthy competition and highlight the importance of selfdevelopment.
Last but not the least, everybody should behave and discipline at least
himself instead of just complaining about the harsh reality—if nobody
goes into the backdoor, the vicious circle will finally disappear.

  No matter whether this problem is a natural result of social
development, it is important that we find a satisfactory solution to it
in this social transformation
era.第一段有两句话,第一句是对图画的描述,第二句说明了“乱穿马路”的主题,对下文的展开起到了承上启下的作用。

  Fairness does not come easily. With it, the pursuit of happiness
will be made much easier as the social cost has been lowered
significantly. We strongly believe that everybody needs it and everybody
should observe it. Only when everybody puts it into practice will all of
the social members enjoy higher living quality.
第一段头两句分别描述图画和点出标题。第三句和第四句通过设问句与破折号的使用引出了绘画者所想提示的社会现象。这种写法的好处是展示了简明图画表达深刻含义的事实,并定格了由看图到解图的全过程。

  第二段讲的是该现象导致的不良后果,共有三点。一是会增加交通事故的发生率,从而导致生命与财产的损失。句中incidence指的是“发生率、发病率”。二是大部分人可能会在一小部分人的影响下不遵守交通规则,句中defy表示“不服从、公然反抗”。三是会给城市交通整体上带来威胁。

  第二段写了该做法对社会的巨大危害。第一句是统领句,句中的functioning和order分别指“运行”和“顺序”。然后分两点来说,一方面说它剥夺了社会体系最显著的特征,即公平。如果任其继续,过一段时间人们将会失去自我发展和提高的动力,而这些对于健康、竞争与和谐的社会的建造是不可或缺的。句中使用了平行的动宾词组和形容词,请大家注意体会。另一方面说这种现象使得对年轻一代的教育越发困难——一旦他们步入社会、接触到残酷的现实,多年的教育可能就被遗忘。

  第三段写解决问题的办法,共有四句话。第一句是常用的套句,而后分三个方面说。首先是政府应改良信号灯的设计。其次是每个公民应当从自己做起,然后再劝说他人。最后,媒体应该帮助人们意识到遵守交通规则的重要性。

  第三段写的是解决办法。第一句使用了不定式直接加第一点的写法,显得非常简洁。句中take
effect表示“起作用”,selfdiscipline表示“自律”。第二点说的是媒体的作用,句中facilitate和highlight分别指“促进”和“强调”。第三点说的是个人的做法。句中vicious
circle表示“恶性循环”。

  最后一段是结语,说不论这个问题是否是社会发展的自然结果,我们都应当在这个社会转型阶段给这个问题找到令人满意的解决方法。我们在看到图画和提纲后,应立即决定这篇文章该分几个段落来写。主题确定后,我们发现这是个令人担忧的社会问题,所以可以采用将二、三段写成原因和解决办法的常见写法。

  第四段是总结性段落。段落紧扣在第二段提出,在第三段得到深化的“公平”概念。首句说公平来之不易。第二句说有了它,对幸福的追求将会容易得多,因为社会成本大大降低了。之后说我们坚信每个人都需要它,每个人也应该遵守它。最后一句说只有每个人身体力行,所有社会成员的生活质量才能提高。该文用简洁的图画表达深刻的道理,这种类型讲一个问题或一种现象,一定要一针见血,认准问题或现象,然后深入剖析。

  写文章时对全文的构造要有个总体的安排,除了提纲中有明确规定的情形外,写成“原因——后果——解决办法”结构是常见的选择。

    更多信息请访问:新浪考研频道
考研论坛
考研博客圈

  在安排好全文结构后,一定要在段间呼应和段落的逻辑发展上下足工夫,这样就容易取得较好的效果。比如最后一段,第一句直接呼应了第二段的第一点,实际上这也是第三段一直讨论的内容。第二句紧接第一句说了公平的重要性。第三句趁热打铁说每个人都需要它,也一定要遵守它——这一句很妙,前半句呼应了上一句,后半句引出了下一句。最后一句是倒装句,很有力度,前半句紧接上句,后半句说美好的结果,又扣了该段第二句的开头。就是这种环环相扣、细针密缕的写法,将文章编织成了有机的整体,获得了预想的效果。

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

    更多信息请访问:新浪考研频道
考研论坛
考研博客圈

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

Post Author: admin

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注